The traditional career for Ph.D.s in music has been university and college teaching. There are also other professional activities for which an M.A. or Ph.D. in music is required or desirable, such as editing, criticism, arts management, music technology, and professional composing.

Members of the faculty provide advice on career planning, dossiers, interviews, etc., as well as recommendations for job candidacies. Berkeley Ph.D.s are likely to compete successfully for positions at leading institutions. Competition, however, is keen and advisers work closely with students to help them plan a course of study that reflects the realities of the job market.